Remains of ancient peasants have been found dead in Chile. The skeletons were found during the Neolithic transition between 1000 BC and 600 BC. As part of the first study of torture by horticulturists in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. These remains show how farmers lived in the dry heat of the desert, with some of them killing each other and exemplifying violence. According to the journal Anthropological Archeology, which published the study, researchers said:
The emergence of aristocracy and social inequality led to interpersonal and inter-ethnic violence related to the protection of resources, socio-economic investment, and other cultural interests.
This study analyzed trauma caused by violence using a sample of 194 individuals. All 194 of the skeletons analyzed were adults and were well preserved due to the dry weather. More than one in five (21%) showed “interpersonal violence,” which means violence, including intentional use of physical force. This included causing severe pain in skull fractures and fractures. And fatal blows from weapons such as maces, sticks, and arrows could kill as many as one in 10 people.
Researchers believe the conflict could be over land, water, and resources. They wrote: “Some people’s skulls were severely fractured, causing extensive damage to the face and nerve cells, causing cranial-facial discharge and brain mass to flow out.” Meanwhile, archaeologists in China recently discovered the skeletons of a man and a woman who have been placed in love in an “eternal love lock.” Experts believe the bones are more than 1,500 years old and were discovered in 2020 in northern China.
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